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Eye treatments 2017-09-19T10:40:47+00:00

Eye treatments and Cataract Surgery

Undergo a laser surgery, forget your removable lens or glasses

Laser eye surgery is a type of refractive surgery which corrects the refractive power of the lens (nearsightedness, farsightedness and astigmatism). Eye correction is based on remodelling the cornea (transparent front part of the eye) with the use of an excimer laser. More than 50 million people throughout the world have had an operation to get rid of their contact lenses and glasses. The first excimer laser operation performed in Croatia was done in 1998 by Dr. Nikica Gabrić in Svjetlost Clinic, Zagreb.

Besides laser correctional surgery, vision can be regulated with lens implants

Just because you don’t qualify for laser surgery (severe refraction, inadequate corneal thickness etc.) it doesn’t necessarily mean you still have to deal with tedious eyeglasses and contact lenses. Laser surgery isn’t the only solution – your prescription can be solved with lens implants, which could be the solution for you.

ICL, Verisyse and Veriflex lens implantation are considered excellent choices for patients who have a stable prescription, from: -2.00 D to -23.5 D (myopia), +1.00 D to +12.00 D (hyperopia), and patients who have a thin cornea, all of which conditions are not eligible for LASIK surgery. These lenses are very reliable when it comes to correcting severe myopia or hyperopia. The lenses can be replaced in the event that new and better technology comes.

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Vision Correction

Svjetlost Clinic is the first centre in the region which has 4 lasers for surgical treatment of nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism and presbyopia (elderly farsightedness):

  • ALLEGRETTO EyeQ

  • ZIEMER FEMTOSECOND LDV LASER
  • SCHWIND AMARIS 750S
  • TECHNOLAS 520F

Recommended methods according to the extent of refraction:

  • from 0.00 to -7.00 – (LASIK, PRK, LASEK and EPILASIK)

  • from -7.00 to -10.00 – (LASIK)
  • over -10.00 – (no laser) intraocular lens implantation required (ICL)
  • from 0.00 to +5.00 – (LASIK)

Procedures for refractive laser surgery treatment:

  • Pre-operative examination (1,5 hours)

  • Doctor-patient consultations (as much as necessary)

  • Surgical procedure (up to 1 hour)

  • Post-operative check-up (up to half an hour)

Cataract Surgery

A cataract is a term used to describe a clouding of the eye’s lens, and can be classified as: congenital, juvenile or senile (depending on the age of the patient). Even though the causes of cataracts can be well defined, in most cases the reasons for their occurrence is unclear, so they are usually simply associated with ageing. Epidemiological studies suggest their occurrence to be connected with a person’s age. The prevalence of cataracts rises by about 50% in individuals 65 to 74, to about 70% in those over 75 years of age. Cataracts may also occur due to: trauma, metabolic diseases (diabetes mellitus, galactosemia), medication (corticosteroids). Cataracts are also known to occur as a complication with other eye conditions (uveitis, glaucoma) and can appear in individuals with Down’s syndrome.

Today’s modern approach to cataract surgery significantly shortens the period a patient has to be hospitalized from seven days to a single day, which considerably reduces hospital expenses and the period the patient needs to recover. Phacoemulsification (PHACO) and intraocular lens (IOL) implantation is a highly preferred method of cataract surgery.

Every cataract surgery requires the implantation of an intraocular lens which replaces the patient’s clouded lens, that is, the cataract. To eliminate glasses you can choose among variety of multifocal lens.

Before cataract surgery, the following tests are required:

  • electrocardiogram (ECG), complete blood count (CBC), blood sedimentation (ESR) and glucose levels (BGL)

  • other tests related to the ailing eye are performed as part of the surgical procedure prior to surgery

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a group of diseases that affect the optic nerve, leading to damage and loss of retinal ganglion cells, which is the main cause of neuropathy. Raised intraocular pressure (>21 mmHg) is an important risk factor in the development of glaucoma. Untreated glaucoma can lead to permanent damage of the optic nerve which will result in loss of vision and inevitably lead to blindness.

Glaucoma diagnosis includes: eye pressure assessment using a tonometer; assessing change in eye size and shape (pachymetry and eye-angle measurement); examining the iridocorneal angle using a gonioscope; examining the optic nerve to assess eventual damage using optical coherence tomography (OCT) and a perimetry test.

The examination requires adequate diagnostic equipment and the selective treatment of a patient individually. All these examinations are performed at our clinic.

Traditional glaucoma treatment is a simple procedure which requires decreasing eye pressure as a leading risk factor in nerve damage using anti-glaucoma eye drops. In the case that traditional treatment proves to be inadequate, laser treatment is used:
  • Nd-YAG laser iridotomy

  • Argon laser trabeculoplasty
  • Selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT)

Diabetic Retinophaty

Diabetes damages the small blood vessels in the body as well as those found in the retina of the eye. What happens is that small blood vessels become permeable allowing liquid and blood to escape, making vision clouded and unfocused. It is important to mention that changes can occur and develop without the patient noticing any problems in vision; which is why it is important to emphasize the need for regular eye examinations in diabetics to assess any possible changes allowing for early medical intervention.

Today, the only worldwide efficiently accepted method of treatment is retinal laser photocoagulation. With this method it is possible to slow down, or in the best case scenario, even stop vision impairment by patching up the burst or congested blood vessels. This is an ambulatory procedure which lasts approximately 10 minutes and is usually conducted in an interval of a few weeks on each eye.

Early laser treatment is the only correct way truly to treat diabetic retinopathy!! The stabilization of visual acuity is considered a success. Even after an adequate treatment, vision might somewhat deteriorate, but the possibility of this occurring will have been greatly been reduced.

Preventive Examination

Depending on your eyes and general health status we can provide you a tailor-made package to meet your specific individual requirements.

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